Canada is a vast country located on the continent of North America, north of the United States. It is administratively divided into three territories made up of ten provinces. Geographically, it borders three oceans: the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean. It occupies a total land mass of 3.8 million square miles and is ranked second largest by total area but fourth in land area. The majority of the residents are based in the urban centers. The US, on the other hand, is a combination of 50 states to form a uniformly governed region within America. Historically, the two nations were to become one during the March 1, 1781, Paris Treaty. Canada was requested to be joined to America, an invitation they turned down. Therefore, Canada is an independent country and not part of the US.